Hemorrhoids, which is at the top of the list of ailments that reduce the quality of life, is a fairly common intestinal disorder in Turkey. Hemorrhoids, which are considered hemorrhoids in the vernacular, appear as a very important and necessary discomfort due to the psychological effect it creates on a person in addition to physical pain. Hemorrhoids, which do not even allow a person to defecate in advanced stages, can be solved more easily when diagnosed at an early stage. In this article, where you can find a lot of information about hemorrhoid disease, which is intervened late due to the “hesitation” of patients, you can find; what is hemorrhoids, what are the symptoms, what are the possible causes of hemorrhoids and how to treat hemorrhoids, you will be able to find answers to your questions and realize that you can look at hemorrhoids from a broader perspective.
What are Hemorrhoids? What is Not?
Hemorrhoids, which is one of the diseases that are tried to be solved with hearsay information, or hemorrhoids in other words, are varicose-like swellings concentrated around the breech. Hemorrhoids, which disturb a person during defecation with many symptoms such as pain, itching and bleeding, are one of the most delayed ailments, despite the fact that they are painful. This disease, which everyone “delays because they are afraid” regardless of men and women, takes the person to the doctor as a last resort when it reaches larger sizes in the future. Here, the further progression of hemorrhoids, that is, hemorrhoids, and the increase in complaints is due to this reason. Hemorrhoids, which can be cured with a simple medication if they are removed at the time of their first occurrence, may require serious interventions in the later stages.
Hemorrhoids, which can be confused with anal fissure or breech crack in other names, are easily understood by the doctor with several methods. For this reason, the treatments that you think to yourself “it's not hemorrhoids, it's cracks” are of course unnecessary treatments and can also trigger the growth of the problem.
How Do Hemorrhoids Occur?
The breech region, which is located in human anatomy, is the region where hemorrhoids occur. Hemorrhoids, also known as pillow-like veins collected around the breech, consist of palpable and painful breasts. Hemorrhoid swellings located on the outside of the anus and under the skin are external hemorrhoids, while swellings located in the rectum, that is, in the last part of the large intestine, are known as internal hemorrhoids.
The most effective factor in the occurrence of hemorrhoids complaints triggered by constipation is the stenosis of the November muscles. As a result of the fact that the muscles located in the breech region do not contract and November are narrow, hemorrhoids develop due to straining after constipation.
What Are the Most Important Factors in the Formation of Hemorrhoids?
As mentioned above, constipation is the most important factor in the formation of hemorrhoids. Staying in the toilet for too long and feeling the need for constant straining prepares the ground for the formation of hemorrhoids. When the vein ball located near the breech is forced due to constipation, this vein swells, itches and begins to give pain. In the later stages, hemorrhages appear in the vein, which is thoroughly irritated, and blood gets into the stool.
Pregnancy & Puerperium
Radical changes occur in the body during pregnancy or puerperium. Depending on the increase in the amount of blood in women during pregnancy / puerperium, the uterine region grows and presses on the vessels. As a result of constipation encountered with the change of hormones, bleeding and swelling may occur in the veins. However, pregnancy hemorrhoids are a condition that can return to normal after giving birth and passing the puerperium process.
The effects of weight on metabolism do not end with counting. Hemorrhoids may be observed due to sudden weight gain or changes in the veins and tissues in the anus area due to long-term overweight. Constipation caused by improper nutrition will also naturally prepare the ground for hemorrhoids.
Bowel cancer, hernia or other ailments can trigger the formation of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids, the symptoms of which are very close to bleeding disorders, can be confused by patients with other diseases. Cancers that develop near the exit zone of the intestines can be perceived as hemorrhoids, manifesting themselves with bleeding. A doctor's check is absolutely necessary to make a complete distinction between this.
What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?
During the onset of hemorrhoids, the intestines and anus will give us many symptoms. In fact, these symptoms can also be a harbinger of whether the hemorrhoid is inside or outside. According to the types of hemorrhoids, the symptoms can be detailed as follows:
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids
Discomfort or pain when sitting
The appearance of blood in the feces and the filling of the toilet with “blood”
The occurrence of severe itching and scratching sensation in the anus area
Painful swellings near the anus are one of the symptoms of external hemorrhoids.
Symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids
Internal hemorrhoids, which have fewer symptoms than external hemorrhoids, become clear after a doctor's check.
If there is bright reddish blood in the stool and hemorrhoids hanging out of the anus, internal hemorrhoids can be considered.
How are Hemorrhoids (Hemorrhoids) Treated?
The number of people who ask the question ”how to Decongest hemorrhoids" to their surroundings or search engines is not so small as to be underestimated. It is thought that people who experience hemorrhoids complaints are 5 times more likely to have hemorrhoids than people who apply to hospitals or doctors. This data may appear at the stage of registration of advanced hemorrhoid disease.
as a doctor, I am often faced with the questions of “is the treatment of hemorrhoids divided into 4 stages simple “. However, surgical options may also be mandatory for the treatment of hemorrhoids that do not come in the initial stages in the later stages. For this reason, if you think you have hemorrhoids or complain about your symptoms, be sure to go to the doctor to confirm the diagnosis of hemorrhoids and start your treatment. Otherwise, surgical intervention may be required for hemorrhoids in the later stages. A few methods that reduce hemorrhoid complaints and that we often use in treatment are described in detail below.
Hot water is the best method to reduce the itching, pain and bloating sensation experienced after defecation. To take advantage of the relaxing effect of hot water, it may be an ideal option to prepare a sitz bath. In this method, which is ideal for everyone except pregnant women, the pain can be minimized, but it is definitely not a treatment option.
Drug treatment is started for patients with hemorrhoids who are in the initial stage. This treatment method, which reduces complaints with medication and cream treatment and helps the intestines recover, should definitely be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. The use of hearsay medication is an issue that needs attention, as it can also trigger other health problems that you experience.
Endoscopic Hemorrhoid Treatments and Local Treatments
Hemorrhoids in the second and third stages can be treated with taping by the endoscopic method. In addition, bulges due to hemorrhoids can be connected by providing vision with a small instrument from the breech area.
In cases of delayed treatment of hemorrhoids, which are not possible to be treated with other methods, surgical method may need to be resorted to.
Laser therapy is an ideal option for patients who do not want a surgical method in the treatment of hemorrhoids diagnosed by colonoscopy. While cauterization of problem areas is achieved with laser beams, this treatment option may not be suitable for everyone. Therefore, it would be the right step for your doctor to determine exactly your hemorrhoids and make this decision based on your existing health condition.
Dr . Meral Sözen: “Not Delaying the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids Prevents You from Encountering Surgical Interventions in the Future"
Patients who have been dealing with hemorrhoids for a long time with “don't be ashamed of the doctor” or “what the people around them say” apply to us at the point where they can no longer “stand”. However, unfortunately, surgical methods are resorted to in the treatment of belated hemorrhoids. When I diagnose hemorrhoids with colonoscopy or rectoscopy, which looks at the lower end of the intestine, I support the hemorrhoid discomfort in the early stages with medication and cream treatments, saving the patient from complaining of hemorrhoids in a short time. However, in advanced cases, we are forced to refer the patient to doctors who perform hemorrhoid surgery. “ For this reason, if you are experiencing complaints such as blood in the stool, painful toileting and itching, you should definitely consult your doctors and have your treatment done at an early stage.