Even the slightest problem in the intestines and excretory systems can make life unbearable. If you are facing painful defecation, bloody and mucous stool, you are having a serious problem with the intestine. However, the fact that intestinal diseases are similar to each other in terms of symptoms is an issue that we often come across. For this reason, it is beneficial to go to a doctor's control in order to be able to clearly diagnose the disease whose symptoms you are experiencing and to apply the most appropriate treatment option. Colonoscopy method provides a definitive diagnosis for many problems that occur in the intestines. With the colonoscopy technology developed compared to the past, the patient now receives "sedation" and can have a colonoscopy with minimal sensation. Therefore, diagnosing with colonoscopy is no longer a procedure that will frighten you. Dr., who always provides you with the best diagnosis and treatment methods for colonoscopy Ankara and your other diseases. Meral Sözen; What is colonoscopy, why it should be done, is there a duration and pain of colonoscopy, which diseases can be diagnosed with colonoscopy, in this content, it answers many questions for you and shares all the details about the "colonoscopy" procedure, which is known as the fearful dream of patients.
What is a colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy, which is a procedure applied to detect problems and abnormalities in the large intestine and rectum region, is accepted as the best diagnosis and diagnosis tool of today's technology, as well as a treatment option.
Colonoscopy, which is used to examine the large intestine, is an instrument with a thin flexible end camera. As the doctor progresses through the intestine, he can see the formations in the intestine in all details on a screen. Many diseases can be detected at an early stage with the colonoscope, which provides very good results in the diagnosis and prevention of the disease. Colonoscopy application, where intestinal polyps, cancerous cells and abnormal tissues can be easily seen, is even more comfortable than before. With the innovations in technology, there have been great innovations in colonoscopy. With features such as NBI, FICE and I-SCAN, which were not available in the past, it is possible to detect even new-onset lesions in the tissue that cannot be distinguished with the naked eye. The endoscopy and colonoscopy device in Dr Meral Sözen's practice has all these features and has been put into service for the patients to regain their health.
How is a colonoscopy done?
Colonoscopy, which is performed on many of the patients who express their complaints about the intestines, is an application that patients generally fear. The fact that the colonoscopy procedure performed in the past was painful and caused problems is the biggest reason why this procedure cannot be applied at present. However, the development of technology has also improved many procedures and devices in the medical world, and the biggest impact of this has been on the colonoscopy procedure. In the colonoscopy procedure, which we relieved by giving the patient "sedation", the patient can now comfortably undergo colonoscopy even without sedation. It is possible to return to normal life immediately after today's colonoscopy, where pain and other conditions are minimal.
Colonoscopy procedure is performed by specialist doctors in a special room and 90% of the cecum can be examined. It is also very easy to diagnose cancer cells that have spread with colonoscopy, which can show us even a blind spot such as the junction of the small intestine and large intestine.
Colonoscopy, which is based on the principle of inserting the tip of the colonoscope device through the anus, is advanced through the large intestine (colon) until the junction of the large intestine and small intestine. Colonoscopy showing all abnormal tissues in the large intestine, polyps etc. It is also an ideal technique for removing and examining tissues such as
Why is a colonoscopy done?
Colonoscopy is important to diagnose problems in the large intestine or other excretory system and to diagnose the problem. Many of the diseases that doctors can diagnose with colonoscopy may be insufficient in other diagnosis and diagnosis methods. However, with colonoscopy, all problems in the intestines can be viewed by doctors with all their nakedness and fine lines.
Abnormal structures that develop in the intestines have a risk of becoming cancerous later, and the pathology of these structures must be examined. Intestinal polyps, ulcers and abnormal structures are the best examples of this. When colonoscopy is applied to the patient who comes with intestinal complaints, the large and small intestines are examined in detail and a clear diagnosis can be made whether there is any "intestinal disease or cancer".
What should the diet be like before colonoscopy?
In order to fully evaluate the inner surface of the intestines during the colonoscopy procedure, there should be no stool in the intestine. In order to achieve this, some foods should be avoided for a while before the procedure.
This situation, which is defined as "being hungry" among the people, is nothing but staying away from pulpy foods. Because we see that patients fed with high-fiber foods face greater difficulties when they drink the drugs used for bowel cleansing the day before the procedure. The drugs used during bowel cleansing ensure that the fluid remains in the intestine and that the intestinal contents are emptied quickly with the acceleration of bowel movements. In this process, the patient will feel more sluggish as there will be rapid volume loss while the intestinal contents are emptied. For this reason, we recommend that the patient pay attention to his diet a few days in advance, depending on his condition. In particular, patients suffering from constipation are recommended foods that accelerate bowel movements and are asked to stay away from foods with pulp. Consumption of pulses is not recommended because it increases gas formation in the intestine. Nut consumption should be limited. In addition, dried fruit can be used as it increases bowel movements. It will be useful to consume them as compote. There is no restriction on the use of products such as chicken and fish. We recommend our patients to drink the medicine we recommend the day before the procedure and to take as much water as they can. If you are going to have the procedure done by sleeping (with sedation), you should stop eating and drinking 6-8 hours before the procedure. Before the procedure, the process is started after the last part of the intestine is cleaned, thanks to a drug applied through the anus (with an enema).
You should not forget that the better your bowel cleansing is, the more detailed your bowels will be examined and the less pain you will experience after the procedure.
In addition, if you encounter a problem such as excessive nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain during bowel cleansing, you should definitely contact your doctor.
Is Milk and/or Yogurt Consumed Before Colonoscopy?
Consumption of milk and yogurt shows individual differences. Some individuals may experience problems due to increased gas formation after consumption of milk and yogurt. Therefore, milk and yogurt are not recommended for this patient group. If you do not have problems with these foods in the normal process, you can consume these foods during the colonoscopy preparation process.
Is It Possible to Smoke Before Colonoscopy?
Smoking before colonoscopy causes some changes in the anesthetic effect and may cause lung-related problems. Therefore, smoking is not recommended before colonoscopy.
What to Eat After Colonoscopy
After the colonoscopy procedure is completed, our patients generally do not have any complaints. However, in some sensitive individuals, the remaining air after the procedure in the intestine may cause cramping pain in the abdomen. Therefore, our patients are advised to stay away from heavy foods and foods that can cause gas formation in the intestine. If the procedure was performed with sedation on the day of the procedure, it is recommended to take light foods and rest the patient one hour after the procedure. If the patient has excessive or aggravated abdominal pain, he should definitely contact his doctor.
What are the Diseases That Can Be Diagnosed With Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy can be used to diagnose all bowel diseases and cancers that are difficult to detect with other methods in as little as 20 minutes. Diseases that can be diagnosed and treated with colonoscopy are explained in detail below.
Colon cancer, which is frequently seen over the age of 50, can be detected by colonoscopy even before it occurs. With colonoscopy, which can clearly show us the accumulated malignant tissues on the intestines, we can detect cancer at an earlier stage and intervene immediately. If there is a person in the family who has had colon cancer before and if the complaints suggest colon cancer, colonoscopy should be performed at an earlier age.
Investigating Unexplained Bowel Signs and Symptoms
Colonoscopy is the best research method for patients who have visited doctors in all branches but cannot find a solution to their intestinal complaints. Colonoscopy can give definitive diagnostic findings in people who cannot find the source of many complaints such as abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and persistent diarrhea and cannot get treatment.
Colonoscopy, which enables us to diagnose diseases such as intestinal abscess, intestinal bleeding, Crohn's or Ulcerative colitis within minutes, can also be used as a treatment option.
Polyp etc. Detecting Occurrences Like
People who know that there are polyps in the large intestine but suspect that there are new polyps can be informed about new polyps while examining the existing polyps in detail with colonoscopy. Polyps can be removed at this stage by colonoscopy before they turn into colon cancer.
In addition, with colonoscopy;
Diseases that cause anemia of unknown cause,
In many diseases such as intestinal knotting can be studied and treated in detail.
Specializing in Ankara Colonoscopy, Dr. Take Control of Your Intestinal Health with Meral Sözen
Intestinal diseases, which are increasing day by day, always carry the risk of cancer in the future. Remember that you can save your own life with colonoscopy, which we can diagnose and treat all kinds of diseases from breech tears to hemorrhoids, from Crohn's disease to intestinal polyps, and never neglect or delay having a colonoscopy!